Monthly Archives: November 2013

The 1704 Raid on Deerfield

People who say there are two sides to every issue have stopped counting way too soon, especially when it comes to historical events. When delving into history, finding three, four, or more viewpoints on an event is not unusual.

In 1704, a group of French and Native American raiders attacked an English settlement in Deerfield, Massachusetts. For nearly three centuries, the primary story told was that of the English. When the three hundredth anniversary of the raid rolled around in 2004, the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association in Deerfield decided it was time to see the event from the point of view of all the participants, a virtual pentagon of “sides”: the English, the French, and three Native American groups—the Kanienkehaka (Mohawk), Wendat (Huron), and Wobanaki (Abenaki, Pennacook, Sokoki, Pocumtuck and others).

The result was an amazing (and award-winning) website: Raid on Deerfield: The Many Stories of 1704, funded by grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Institute of Museum and Library Services. Dozens of historians, technical experts, Native American advisors, writers, and artists from the U.S. and Canada teamed up to create a comprehensive and visually rich account of the event. Using that one day in 1704 as a starting point, the site provides in-depth information on the five cultural groups and the complex factors that fostered conflicts among them.

The site is visually gorgeous, with ten beautiful illustrated scenes telling the story. But wait, there’s more. Dragging your mouse over one of the scenes will highlight people and objects in the scene. Click on the highlighted item, and up pops the story of that person or thing, often with links to additional information, should you want to learn more. The site is multi-layered, allowing visitors to delve as deeply into the story as they wish. Artifacts, maps, timelines, and even music bring the story to life. I’m not exaggerating when I say that you could spend days exploring this site.

For teachers, there’s a guide to the site that includes eleven lesson plans for students from elementary to high school.

So check out this wicked cool site. But don’t blame me if you get sucked in for hours and hours.

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Mending Horses: Music

mh cover final

Click on the cover to order your copy today

There’s a lot of music in Mending Horses. I thought readers might enjoy listening to some of the songs mentioned in the book.

Billy’s songs

Near the beginning of the book, Billy sings a lullaby to Daniel after Mr. Stocking rescues him. Although the song isn’t named in the book, I imagine that it is “Táimse im Chodladh” (“I Am Sleeping, Do Not Wake Me”). Ciara Walton sings a lovely version on YouTube.

I’ve heard several versions of “Deirdre’s Lament,” the song that Hugh hears Billy singing at the circus. Some are set to new music rather than the traditional tune. I found two versions on YouTube; I’m not sure whether they are traditional versions, or are modern adaptations, but they’re still beautiful. There’s one by Trio Nocturna and one by Heather Alexander .

Two beautiful versions of “Siuil a Ruin” (the song Billy sings to Hugh near the end of the book) are on YouTube, one by Connie Dover  and one by Clannad.

I couldn’t find a recording of “The Last Link is Broken” (the song that Augusta taught to Billy, and that Liam hears Augusta singing) on the Internet, but you can find the lyrics online here.

Edward Bunting’s 1840 Ancient Music of Ireland is a great resource if you’re looking for more traditional Irish tunes.

violinMr. Stocking’s songs

Mr. Stocking plays several songs on his fiddle. At the barn dance, he plays “Oft in the Stilly Night.” During the circus, he plays “Flowers of Edinburgh” and “The White Cockade” to accompany the dancing ponies’ routine. Later in the story, he plays “The Minstrel Boy” and “Soldier’s Joy.”

To find popular songs from the 1830s, go to the Library of Congress’s “Music for the Nation” website, where you’ll find sheet music for hundreds of songs and a list of greatest hits organized by date.

If you’re looking for more music from 19th-century New England, I encourage you to check out these two collections recorded by the musicians of Old Sturbridge Village:

Village Green – Music of Old Sturbridge Village

A 19th Century Music Sampler Featuring the Musicians of Old Sturbridge Village

 

Other music:

Although Heidi Talbot’s “Start it All Over Again” is not a 19th-century song, the lyrics makes me think of Liam and Augusta, so I’m including a link to it here.

While writing the book, I listened to a lot of music by Celtic artists and American folk musicians to inspire me. Here are some of the musicians on my playlist:

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At Home with Bill Bryson

Never mind history, Bill Bryson is just plain cool. An expat living in England, he’s the author of A Walk in the Woods, the laugh-out-loud funniest book ever written about the Appalachian Trail, and he has the talent to pull off a book with the audacious title of A Short History of Nearly Everything. But it’s not the Short History that’s this week’s wicked cool history thing (though it might be at a later date), but his book At Home: A Short History of Private Life, which is neither short (at nearly 600 pages), nor entirely private, but is immensely entertaining and packed full with historical trivia. (Many thanks to my friend Patti for recommending this book!)

Taking his Victorian house in England as a starting point, he goes through the building room-by-room, using each room as a jumping-off point for a discourse on anything from the 1851 Crystal Palace to humans’ uncomfortable relationships with the vermin that occupy our beds, cellars, pantries, etc. (a word to the wise – you might want to avoid eating while reading the chapters on The Bathroom, The Bedroom, and The Study. Better yet, you might want to avoid eating entirely while reading this book, as you never know when Bryson will come up with some delightfully disgusting historical tidbit.)

He digresses often and at length, but that is, in fact, the whole point of the book, and what makes it so entertaining. You might start out in the study, but end up in a bat cave (no, not The Bat Cave, A bat cave), and somehow it all makes delightful sense, and hours of wicked cool reading. (Make sure you get the hardcover edition, as it’s chock-full of photos that the paperback lacks.)

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Mending Horses: Excerpt

mh cover final

Click on the cover to order your copy today

Wednesday, August 28, 1839, Chauncey, Connecticut

“Mark my words, Walter,” Jacob Fairley said to his apprentice. “That horse is stole, and some evil done to get her, too.”

The blacksmith jutted his chin toward the handsome chestnut mare walking toward his shop. She moved so smoothly that a less observant smith might not have noticed the slight hitch in her gait. But Jacob Fairley had an eye for horses—an eye for people, too. A less observant man might have paid little attention to the red-haired boy leading the mare: a scrawny half-grown fellow with a spotty complexion and enormous ears. But Jacob knew that the boy’s bottle-green jacket, black cravat, and boots were much too new and fine for him. Bare feet, tattered broadfalls, and a patched-at-the-elbows shirt would have suited him better. The horse suited him even less than the clothes. Certainly neither horse nor clothes belonged to him.

“Stole?” Walter’s swallow bounced his Adam’s apple into a fat lump. “What—what do we do?”

Jacob laid a finger alongside his nose. “We wait, boy. We watch and wait.”

The strange boy led the mare into the blacksmith’s yard. He nodded to Jacob and Walter and lifted his cap. “Good day, sir. May I?” He gestured toward the trough.

Jacob nodded back.

The mare slurped the water, the boy pulling her head away when she drank too greedily. “Slow, lass, slow,” he murmured.

“That’s a fine horse you got there, boy,” Jacob said. “Your father must’a paid a pretty penny for her.”

The stranger gave Jacob a narrow look with his gray-green eyes, then shifted his glance away. He fidgeted with a buckle on the bridle. “She’s me—my master’s.” His voice had a strange twist to it, like he was trying to make his words come out some way they didn’t want to come.

“He must regard you highly, putting you in charge of a horse like that.”

“Oh, well. It’s only fer—for an errand. But her shoe’s come loose, see?” He lifted the mare’s right front hoof. “Can you mend it?”

“If you got cash money to pay. I don’t give credit to strangers.”

“Aye—yes. I can pay. I don’t want her lamed. My master’ll thrash me something fierce if I bring her back lame.”

Jacob doubted the boy planned to return to his master, if he’d even left his master alive after taking his horse and clothes and goods. A closer look at the boy confirmed his judgment. While the horse was impeccably groomed, the boy’s clothes were rumpled, as if he’d slept out of doors. His hands were grimy, and his face was smudged with dirt and the sparse beard of a fair-haired boy who’d only just begun to shave.

The boy tethered the mare to the hitching post and unfastened her tack. Jacob nudged Walter. He tilted his chin toward the bulging valises.  “He don’t have that load packed for no errand,” he whispered. “Help him put them bags someplace where you can have a look inside.” Louder, he said, “Give the fella a hand, Walter.”

Walter took the saddle from the stranger and hung it over one of the rails of the ox sling. The stranger shrugged out of his coat, folded it carefully, and laid it across the saddle. He did the same with the vest. He then unbuckled one bag and pulled out a brush and a halter, leaving the flap laid back. Walter rummaged through the open bag while the stranger turned his back to trade bridle for halter and brush the saddle marks from the mare’s hide. The stranger talked softly to the horse as he worked, grooming her with sure, rhythmic strokes. It was a pity the boy was a thief. For all his mean looks and shifty eyes, he did have a way with a horse.

“I’ll just get my tools so’s I can fix that shoe,” Jacob said. He jerked his chin toward Walter, signaling the apprentice to join him in the shop. “Well, boy, what did you find?”

“Just like you said, Mr. Fairley. New goods. Clothes and things, all like they was just from the tailor or the store. Money, too. I heard it jingle in the bag. Stole, just like you said.”

Jacob nodded grimly and selected a hammer.

“And—and another thing,” Walter continued. “Did you hear him talking to that horse, sir?” His voice squeaked a little with excitement. “Strange words. Foreign-sounding.”

Foreign. That settled it. “Walt, you run and fetch Constable Ainsworth. Tell him we got a thief here. And who knows but he might be a murderer as well.”

#

“What town is this?” Daniel Linnehan asked the blacksmith.

“Chauncey,” the man replied. He bent to take a closer look at Ivy’s hoof.

“We’re here, lass,” Daniel murmured to the chestnut mare. After blundering around the hills of northwestern Connecticut for several days, he’d decided to track down the tin peddler Jonathan Stocking. At last he’d reached the town where the little man had claimed to have kin, a cousin or some such who supplied the peddler with the tinware that he carried in his wagon. If the fellow wasn’t in town now, he no doubt would be soon, at least if Daniel recalled their last conversation aright. He’d no idea, though, exactly what he’d say to the man, if the fellow even remembered him.

As he’d done a hundred times since leaving Farmington, he felt his pocket in vain for the wooden horse Da had made for him so many years ago. He’d always touched it for luck or turned to it for comfort the way Ma had turned to her rosary. As he’d done a hundred times, he regretted giving it away as a parting gift to his young friend Ethan.

It was foolish to feel so. He’d no need of toy horses and childish superstitions. He was a free man now, a man of property, no longer a bound boy indentured to work off his father’s debts to George Lyman. He had a pocketbook full of papers proclaiming his freedom and his right to all the goods in his possession. Including Ivy.

Especially Ivy. He touched his forehead to the mare’s and rubbed her cheek as the blacksmith prized out the nails and removed her loose shoe.

He’d never dared hope to own the mare whose ears flicked to catch his every word, whose heart beat with the same pulse as his own. The only thing he’d wanted more than Ivy had been his freedom, which by all rights should have taken him five more years to earn. But now, two months shy of his seventeenth birthday, he had both freedom and Ivy. He should have felt…should have felt…

A crow let out a raucous cry and soared up from the field of Indian corn across the road from the smithy. The bird swooped and dove and rose again, laughing with its harsh voice, cutting through the air as if it owned it. Aye, he should have felt like that: noisy and glorious and exultant. It should have been a grand feeling in his breast, not a lost one.

He’d never imagined freedom would feel this way, that he’d be hesitant to meet a blacksmith’s eye, that a simple business transaction would tie a knot in his throat. He’d thought he’d never be afraid again. But he was still the same boy inside, uncertain, wary of the next taunt or blow.

It was a relief to know that he’d soon see a familiar face. Maybe that was what had drawn him to seek the peddler. Even though Daniel had seen him only twice, the little man had known things about Daniel that he hadn’t known himself. He’d known how it was with Ivy, and how Ethan would become his friend, even though Daniel hadn’t thought he needed one.

The last time he’d seen the peddler, the little man had a boy with him, a boy who spoke Da’s language and sang Ma’s songs. Back then, it had hurt to hear those words, those songs coming from that boy’s lips. But now he thought it might feel good.

#

Walter slipped out of the blacksmith shop and cut around to the road. He glanced back. Mr. Fairley stooped next to the red mare, her hoof cupped in his hand. The foreign boy bent over him, showing him the loose shoe. Walter shivered, seeing how easy it would be for the foreigner to take Mr. Fairley unawares, just like he must’ve taken the real owner of that horse.

But Mr. Fairley wasn’t unawares. He’d been clever enough to see through the stranger’s lies and was more than a match for the stranger in wits and strength. Hadn’t Walter himself felt the weight of Mr. Fairley’s striking arm when he’d dawdled about a chore the way he was dawdling now?

“Run and fetch Constable Ainesworth,” Mr. Fairley had told him, not stand and think. So run he did.

#

Tilda Fowler took a wet shirt from the laundry basket and shook it out smartly. The sleeves made a sharp snapping noise as they grabbed at the air. She jabbed a clothes-peg in each end of the hem and stooped for another garment.

“Mama, look! There’s Walter Sackett running up the road like the devil’s chasing him.”

“Sally, tend your chores and don’t be dithering about the blacksmith’s boy,” Tilda scolded her daughter. Lately Sally had nothing in her head but boys, boys, boys. Just the same, Tilda tugged the clothesline down below her nose and peeked over the laundry toward the road.

Walter Sackett looked like a plucked chicken when he ran, all flapping elbows and flailing legs and pimply skin. Tilda wondered how he managed to keep his head from falling off his scrawny neck. He caught his toe on a rut and sprawled face-first in the dirt. Tilda ducked under the shirts, headed out to the road, and hauled the boy to his feet.

“What’s your hurry, boy? You set Mr. Fairley’s shop afire?”

“No, ma’am.” He bounced on the balls of his feet as though he needed to find an outhouse quick. “It’s robbers—a robber, I mean—I got to get Mr. Ainesworth.”

“Someone robbed Mr. Fairley?” Tilda asked.

“No, ma’am. Not yet, I mean, that is—”

Tilda grabbed Walter’s shoulders and gave him a little shake. “Spit it out, boy. What do you mean?”

The boy stopped bouncing. “There’s this fella came to the shop—a foreign fella, all slicked up in new clothes on a fancy horse and a saddlebag full of goods—” He bent close to Tilda’s ear and lowered his voice. “—all stolen. He tried to make out like they was his, but Mr. Fairley, he knew, but he didn’t let on, just so’s this foreigner wouldn’t get suspicious and bolt. He’s keeping this fella busy down at the shop while I fetch the constable.”

“Who’d he rob?” Sally asked.

“His master,” Walter said before Tilda could scold Sally back to her chores. “Robbed him and murdered him, most likely. Prob’ly lying in the woods with his throat slit from ear to ear.”

“Oh!” Sally gasped, her eyes saucer-wide, her hands clasped tight at her breast.

Tilda wasn’t sure which disturbed her more: the idea of a robber and possibly a murderer at the blacksmith’s, or the way Walter Sackett’s eyes latched onto Sally’s clasped hands. Or rather, what was beneath them.

“Well,” Tilda said, rubbing her hands on her apron. “We’d best not keep you. Run along and fetch the constable.”

Walter’s head jerked up as if he’d forgotten Tilda’s presence. “Uh—yes—yes’m,” he said, his Adam’s apple bobbing like a bead on a string.

The boy ran down the road as if the dust cloud at his heels pursued him. “Sally, get inside,” Tilda said. She turned toward her daughter, but Sally was already gone, not toward the house, but across the east pasture and halfway to the Wolcotts’ place.

#

“…and there was still blood on his hands.” Sally gasped, breathless from her dash across the pasture and over the fence.

Beulah Wolcott squealed with terror. At least Sally guessed it was terror, though in truth, it might have only been envy that Sally had gotten a juicy story before she did.

“…and his horse’s feet were red with it,” Sally continued. “Trampled him down after he was dead, you see, so nobody would recognize the body.” She hadn’t seen Beulah’s face turn quite that shade of green since the time they’d stolen some of Papa’s tobacco, just to see where the fun was in chewing and spitting like a man.

“What body?” Beulah’s papa poked his head out of the barn doorway.

“The dead man’s. The one this foreigner killed,” Sally said.

“What foreigner?”

“The one down at the blacksmith’s.”

There was a clatter of tools, and Mr. Wolcott came out of the barn with an ax in his hand. “There’s been a killing down to Jake Fairley’s?”

“On, no, sir.” But Sally’s heart doubled its pace. It would be exciting if there was a killing, something to talk about for weeks and weeks. “But there is a killer. He killed his master and who knows how many others, and Mr. Fairley is keeping him there waiting for Walter to fetch the constable.”

“A foreigner, you say?”

“Oh, yes. Speaks nothing but gibberish. Probably a Papist on top of it.”

Mr. Wolcott hefted his ax. “And Jake all alone with him? Good God!”

The excited flutter in Sally’s heart landed in her stomach and turned into a lump of granite. Mr. Wolcott was a slight, even-tempered man. Sally couldn’t see him standing against a murderer. Another lump of granite lodged in Sally’s throat as Mr. Wolcott kissed the top of Beulah’s head. “Tell your mother I’m going to Mr. Fairley’s. But don’t tell her why,” he said. His fingers brushed his daughter’s cheek, as if he feared he might not see her again.

Beulah’s chin quivered as her father walked away. Sally had a sick feeling that her own face was the same greeny-gray color as Beulah’s.

“What do we do?” Beulah’s whisper rose to a mousy squeak.

To the west, Sally saw Mr. Gilbert and his sons digging potatoes. To the south, Mr. Finch gathered windfall apples. When Sally turned back to her friend, Beulah met her eyes and nodded, as if she’d had the same thought.

Beulah wiped her eyes on her sleeve, squeezed Sally’s hand, and whispered, “We have to hurry.”

#

“Killed them all, and they never had a chance, and now Papa’s gone to help catch him.” Beulah’s voice faded into a series of hiccupping sobs.

Seth Gilbert gave the girl his handkerchief. Poor thing, practically in hysterics, and no wonder, too. “There, dear. We’ll go, won’t we?” He wondered if there was time to go home for his musket. The only weapons he and his sons Levi and Noah had to hand were their shovels and pocketknives, but there was safety in numbers, and with Jacob Fairley and Enos Wolcott, they’d be five—no, four. Best to go now and not waste any time. He frowned at Noah, his youngest. “You’re not coming,” Seth said abruptly. Noah opened his mouth to protest, but Seth continued. “Find whoever you can and tell them to join us.”

“But I want to go, too,” Noah said.

Seth grabbed the boy’s shoulder and shook him. “This is important, son.”

“You can be like William Dawes and Paul Revere,” Levi added.

Seth threw Levi a grateful glance. “Yes, just like him.”

Noah puffed out his chest and nodded. “Yes, sir,” the boy said, and was gone.

CHAPTER TWO

Constable Chester Ainesworth was having a very bad day. A weasel had gotten into the henhouse during the night and ravaged the flock, leaving only a trio of tough, scrawny hens behind. Of the prized chickens Amelia had fattened and primped for next month’s agricultural fair, not a one was left. Cleaning up the blood, feathers, and torn bodies with their stench of tainted meat had been a joy compared to facing Amelia’s distress over her lost flock.

After a scorched and dismal breakfast, Chester had discovered a leak in the barn roof that had ruined a good quantity of hay. In the process of mending the damage, he’d spilled a box of nails and hammered his thumb.

In the afternoon, he’d found the cattle placidly grazing among his pumpkins, having broken down their pasture fence and forsaken the tough August grass for the cornstalks standing sentry over the pumpkins. It seemed that everything he wanted to keep in was bound and determined to get out, and everything he wanted to keep out was equally set on getting in.

He returned to the house to find a babble of frantic women, excited children, and agitated men blocking his front door, all of them vexed because Chester had been out when they thought he should have been in. He caught snatches of conversation that made him wish he’d stayed out.

“…he killed them in their beds, the whole family,” said Caroline Dunbar’s grating squeal of a voice. “Slit their throats one by one and robbed ’em and then set the house on fire…”

Chester circumnavigated the group, hoping to slip into the kitchen and fortify himself with a glass of rum before facing the horde. Walter Sackett stood on the doorstep talking to Amelia, his hair sweat-plastered to his forehead. The blather of the crowd kept Chester from catching any of his words.

“…ain’t nobody safe in their homes anymore,” said a man on Chester’s left. “He bashed in their brains while they slept, and then made off with a thousand dollars in silver and gold…”

“…assaulted the women and girls, then chopped them to pieces with an axe…”

Chester told himself that his neighbors were probably stirred up over some newspaper story about a faraway crime. Nothing sensational ever happened here. Chauncey was so tiny, it merited only three sentences in the gazetteer.

“…a gruesome sight as you’d ever want to see,” someone grumbled in harsh bass tones. “He cut off their heads with a scythe, as easy as mowing hay…”

Or perhaps the tale of the chicken massacre had circulated through town and returned transmogrified into something more ghastly.

“…and when the constable came for him, he shot him dead,” said a voice at Chester’s elbow.

Then again, perhaps not.

#

Daniel stood with his cheek pressed to Ivy’s, overseeing the blacksmith’s ritual of fitting, nailing and filing. The familiar task was almost a comfort when set against the uncertainty and bewilderment that had been his lot for the past several days.

The more time and distance he put between himself and Farmington and the Lymans, the more he discovered how ill-prepared he’d been for the journey. The number of simple things he didn’t know seemed unending. Finding a night’s lodging, for example, should have been easy enough. At first glance, landladies and tavernkeepers would greet him with fair and smiling faces. But their smiles faded when he opened his mouth and his Irishness showed itself—that Irish turn to his words he’d fought so hard to keep ever since that horrific day six years ago, when fire had taken his parents, his baby brother, and his home. Now he tried to flatten his vowels like a native-born New Englander. Even so, asking for food or lodging, or a barn to stable Ivy for the night was a challenge. Perhaps it was because he couldn’t remember ever asking for anything where the answer hadn’t been no.

Finding his way was another problem. A line on a map and a road on the ground were different things entirely. He might blunder about until winter, trying to puzzle out where to go, where to stay, how to speak, and how not to get robbed. Finding the peddler had quickly turned from a whim to a necessity.

“There, that should do it.” The blacksmith released Ivy’s foot and straightened.

Daniel blinked out of his fog. “Yes, thank you, sir,” he said. At least he remembered to say yes instead of aye and thank you instead of ta. He stooped to check the smith’s work, then glanced up to ask about the peddler.

The blacksmith wasn’t looking at Daniel or at Ivy, but at something behind them.

Releasing Ivy’s hoof, Daniel rose and turned. A little sandy-haired man stood at the edge of the blacksmith’s yard, an ax in his hand. Another next to him held a pitchfork, and another a spade. There were more behind them and coming up the road. Others carried weapons rather than tools: a rusted sword, a twisted bayonet, battered muskets. Daniel wondered if he’d arrived in town on training day. Perhaps the blacksmith was captain of the militia and…

But the men weren’t looking at the blacksmith. Their dark, cold gazes fixed on Daniel.

#

The constable’s parlor was jammed with people, some standing on chairs to get a better view, some trying to shove their way in from the hall. Those out in the yard jostled at the open windows, trying to thrust their heads and shoulders into the room.

Daniel felt as if he stood outside himself, seeing himself as one of the spectators might: a stranger with nothing to say in his own defense. The contents of his bags lay in an untidy sprawl across the constable’s table. Funny how quickly he’d attached himself to those bits of cloth and leather and metal and paper. He’d barely had anything of his own before, had never thought about how important the word mine could become, how quickly mine could become entangled with me. It felt as if his guts were laid out there, instead of only his goods.

“What’s the charge, Chester?” snapped a sharp-nosed, silver-haired man who sat in an upholstered chair behind the table. He held a candlestick, which he periodically rapped on the table to silence the crowd. From the man’s attitude and the deference everyone showed him, Daniel guessed him to be the justice of the peace.

The constable showed none of the older man’s poise. Dressed in sweat-dampened work clothes, he slouched in a wooden chair next to the justice. He stared balefully at the goods strewn across his table. He rubbed his eyes and seemed disappointed that neither goods nor crowd had disappeared when he put his hands down. “Damned if I know,” he muttered. “So what is it, Jake?” he said, a little louder. “This fella’s stolen something from you?”

“Not yet.” The blacksmith stepped forward and crossed his burly arms over his chest. “I never gave him the chance.” The crowd mumbled its approval.

“Then why in blazes did you haul all these people into my parlor?” the constable demanded.

“He stole these goods from someone, that’s why.” The smith grabbed a shirt and waved it under Daniel’s nose. “Now tell me how a boy like that comes to have goods like this?”

The justice’s and the constable’s stares felt like an ox yoke across Daniel’s shoulders. “Th-they’re mine,” was all the answer he could blurt out.

The blacksmith picked up the books: the fat little volume of Shakespeare the peddler had given him and Walter Scott’s Ivanhoe—a parting gift from Lizzie, the Lymans’ dairymaid. Daniel cringed at the sooty marks the blacksmith made on Ivanhoe’s pages as he riffled through them. “I suppose these are his, too?” The blacksmith sniffed. “I doubt the brute can even read.”

Daniel choked back a retort. Whether dealing with powerful men like George Lyman or schoolyard bullies like Joshua Ward and his mates, it had always been safest to be mute and passive. But now it was time to say something, anything, and he didn’t know what to say. “They’re m-mine, too,” he stammered.

The room burst into contemptuous laughter. “Yours?” the blacksmith said, echoed by half a dozen others. “Yours?”

His mind began to retreat into that safe place inside himself that he’d built when he’d learned that the way to end trouble was to submit and endure. The rapping of the justice’s candlestick pulled him away from the temptation to withdraw and give up.

He cursed himself for an idiot. His defense was right there in front of him. He’d just been too daft with panic to tell them about the papers Lyman’s son Silas had given him. “I got papers.” He gestured toward the table. “Bills of sale. References. They’re all there in that pocketbook.”

The blacksmith grabbed the small leather case. He let the papers spill to the floor and trod on them. “Forged, no doubt.”

Daniel felt as if the blacksmith’s boot heel had ground into his chest. “And how would I be forging ’em, then, if I can’t read?”

A corner of the constable’s mouth twitched up before the man hid it behind his hand. The blacksmith’s face flushed, and he looked as if he wanted to strike Daniel. “Stolen, then,” the blacksmith said. “How do we know you haven’t killed this fellow and stole his goods and his papers?”

“Of course I didn’t kill him. He’s me.”

“And what proof do you have?” the justice of the peace demanded, rapping the candlestick against the table. The constable winced as the metal knocked the polished surface.

“Is there anyone who can vouch for you, boy?” The constable’s voice was almost gentle. The justice of the peace looked disgruntled that the constable had taken over the hearing—if the hubub could be called a hearing–but the constable continued, “Anyone at all who knows you?”

Daniel shook his head. Ivy was the only one who knew him. She could show them all she pleased that nobody else had a right to her, but they’d only see her as stolen goods.

The constable massaged his forehead, then his temples. He looked almost as miserable as Daniel felt. “So you have no proof you’re who you say you are. And you, Jacob—” He pointed to the blacksmith. “—have no proof he isn’t. And I have no grounds for a warrant.”

Somebody at the back of the room shouted, “But we know he’s a thief!”

Daniel stared at the papers at the blacksmith’s feet—the papers Silas had worked so hard to gather. If they wouldn’t believe Silas’s papers, surely they’d believe the man himself. “Send word to Silas Lyman in Farmington—Farmington, Massachusetts, that is. He’ll speak for me. I used to work for his father, George Lyman.”

“And how will he do that with his throat cut?” snarled the blacksmith.

“C-cut?” Daniel clutched at his own neck. It couldn’t be true, and yet it made all too much sense. It must have been an unforgivable betrayal for Silas to turn against his father and help Daniel to freedom. It wasn’t hard to imagine the elder Lyman slitting Silas’s throat in revenge. What better vengeance than to place all the blame on the Irish lad who’d just left town?

“What—what’s become of himself, then?” He barely managed to choke out the question.

“Himself?”

“His da. Silas’s da, I mean. George Lyman.”

The slight man stepped forward, shoving at Daniel’s shoulder. “Don’t pretend you don’t know. You’re the one that killed them all.”

“All? They’re all of ’em dead?” Lyman had seemed subdued and shaken, the last time Daniel had seen him, but mad? Insane enough to kill his whole family and himself?

“All—killed in their sleep,” called a voice from the crowd.

The accusations grew louder around him. The justice of the peace and constable shouted for order, and the justice rapped the table, but everything melted into a sea of angry faces, a whirlwind of frenzied voices confirming the death of every last Lyman.

Daniel’s knees gave way underneath him. His stomach rolled and pushed up into his throat. He cradled his head in his arms. “Oh, God, oh God. Jesus, Mary and Joseph.”

A massive hand grabbed his collar and hauled him upright. “There, you see?” the blacksmith’s voice boomed in his ear. “There’s guilt written all over him.”

Copyright 2013 by M.P. Barker

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The Jeanie Johnston and the Great Irish Famine

jeanie-johnstonThey were called “coffin ships” for a reason. The ships that carried Irish families fleeing the Great Potato Famine to Canada and the United States from 1845 to 1852 had notoriously high mortality rates. Passengers were crammed into filthy holds that were perfect breeding grounds for diseases like cholera and typhus. It’s estimated that between 1 and 1.5 million people emigrated from Ireland during those desperate years, and it was not uncommon for a coffin ship to have a mortality rate of up to 30%.

Pretty depressing, and downright wicked. So where’s the cool part, you may be asking?

The cool part is that there was one ship, the Jeanie Johnston, that had a 100% survival rate. Built in Canada in 1847, she carried up to 250 emigrants per voyage from Ireland to America, and lost not a single one to starvation or disease, or any other cause, for that matter. Her success has been attributed to her captain, James Attridge, and ship’s doctor, Richard Blennerhassett, who were fanatical about cleanliness, and made sure that passengers received decent food and medical care during the trip—a rarity on such voyages.

jeanie-johnston-(4)Although the original Jeanie Johnston did not survive the 19th century (she sank in 1858), in the 1990s, an international team decided that her story should be commemorated by creating a replica of the ship. Christened in 2000, the new Jeanie Johnston set sail in 2003 on a voyage to Canada and the United States.

Her present home is in Dublin, where I was lucky enough to visit her recently with fellow author Suzanne Strempek Shea. Our guide did a fabulous job telling of the hardships faced by Famine emigrants, and of the remarkable role the Jeanie Johnston played in history.

And, by the way, when she sank in 1858, her crew survived by clinging to the wreckage of the ship until they were rescued nine days later by the Dutch ship Sophie Elizabeth. Not a single crewman was lost; even though the ship did not survive, the Jeanie Johnston’s perfect record remained unsullied. And that’s wicked cool.

To find out more:

You can find out more on the Jeanie Johnston’s website and at Wikipedia

You can find out more about the Irish Potato Famine at:

The History Place

The BBC History Website

Quinnipiac University in Hamden, CT, has a website and museum devoted to The Great Hunger.

The Anne Arundel public schools’ Irish Famine website explores the period using primary sources

Eyewitness to History has a first-person account of the famine from James Mahoney, an artist who lived in Cork in 1847.

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Mending Horses: Purchasing Information

mh cover final

Click Shop Indie Bookstores  to order online for delivery to your local independent bookstore.

Go union–click here to order from Powell’s Books.

Click here to order from Barnes & Noble.

Click here to order from Amazon.com.

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